Green, greener, hybrid

References

 

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Arts Carbon (2022). Carbon emissions calculator for streaming media. URL: https://artscarbon.com/ [Accessed 2022-02-28].

Ong, D., Moors, T., Sivaraman, V., (2014). Comparison of the energy, carbon and time costs of videoconferencing and in-person meetings. Computer Communications. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2014.02.009 

Grant Faber (2021). A framework to estimate emissions from virtual

conferences, International Journal of Environmental Studies, 78:4, 608-623, DOI:

10.1080/00207233.2020.1864190

Kim, R. and Pierce, B.C. (2018). Carbon Offsets - An Overview for Scientific Societies. Version 1.2. University of Pennsylvania. URL: https://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/papers/carbon-offsets.pdf [Accessed 2022-02-28].

Obringer, R., Rachunok, B., Maia-Silva, D., Arbabzadeh, M., Nateghi, R., Madani, K., (2021). The overlooked environmental footprint of increasing Internet use. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.105389 

E&T Magazine (2022). Turning video off during Zoom calls found to lower emissions by 96 per cent | E&T Magazine. URL: https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2021/01/turning-video-off-during-zoom-calls-found-to-lower-emissions-by-96-per-cent/ [Accessed 2022-02-28]. 

[8] Hiltner, K. (2020). A Neary Carbon-Neutral Conference Model. URL: https://hiltner.english.ucsb.edu/index.php/ncnc-guide/ [Accessed 2022-03-07].